AMAZING READING SKILL
How does gravity creates weight? How does it recognize that a steel ball is heavier than an aluminum ball with the same size?
We human beings can guess everything’s weight by feeling, seeing, and even hearing.
Picking up an iron ball and a same size aluminum ball, we immediately know the former is heavier than the latter. Eyes recognize the material of an object is made of to estimate its weight. Ears can guess the object’s mass based on the sound of impact. But besides the touch that can be considered an instinct, seeing and hearing need experience, memory and intelligence. And with intelligence, scientists learn to understand why lead is heavier than wood, iron is weightier than aluminum etc… Then, thanks to Mendeleyev, we have the Periodic Table. We design sophisticated scales.
Therefore, men are equipped with all kinds of devices to measure and to read weight.
One cannot say the same about gravity. For gravity doesn’t have eyes, ears, or senses. But it can still “read” the density of all matters that exist. It can read faster and more accurately. No matter how sophisticated and accurate man-made scales are, gravity is still up there with us, still gives us results with the same accuracy, if not better in small details.
Besides, gravity does its job since the beginning of time. Gravity is our ancestor, our grand-master in the realm of “reading the density” of things. Gravity CREATES weight. Without it, we can’t read weight, because there’s no weight to be read.
Thus, to be more specific, the question should be: How does Gravity judge and estimate an object in order to assign a corresponding weight to it?
To us, the distinction between light and heavy is a routine, almost natural matter, so we pay no attention to the wonderful details in the ability gravity exerts while doing the “reading”. Mankind, even after so many evolutions, still is not able to “see through” all creations as gravity is able to do.
We only have to consider this fairly simple example to recognize its superiority:
Place a steel ball in a cardboard box, and close the box. Not even an eagle-eyed person could see the ball inside. Now, lift the box, “feel” the weight and estimate its weight, we can only guess its approximate weight. But Gravity will “know” there’s a steel object inside the box and tell its exact weight.
Let’s do another and more difficult test: fill the same cardboard box with a few dozen balls of different sizes and different materials, then ask Gravity. It shall immediately tell us – via a scale – the exact total number of all the balls’ weights. If we can find a human with excellent sensitive senses, maybe he or she can give us a result very close to the one told by Gravity, but let’s not rejoice, not yet, because we succeed only AFTER Gravity gave us the result.
If the fact that Gravity can read the weight contained in a closed cardboard box is not impressive enough, we can still raise the degree of difficulty another notch for the test, to witness the might of Gravity.
Let’s put two balls of identical appearance: same size, same shape, same material, in two separate cardboard boxes. The only difference is one ball is solid, the other hollow. To the human eyes, we don’t know which one is solid, which one is hollow. But Gravity will know at once! This tells us that Gravity not only can see through the cardboard boxes, it can see through the ball, through all materials in the Universe, to assess accurately the constitution of all existing objects and assign to them their correct weight.
Thus, the question “How Gravity can read, or know, the weight of all creatures, objects, etc...?” is a good and necessary question. Scientists should have thought about that since the day humanity knew of and began studying Gravity.
THE BEST ANSWERS SO FAR.
After posting the question on two Science fora, I received many answers. Here are the ones I like best:
“Weight is the force that an Astro executes on any object near to its surface by mean of gravity. Fields of gravity acts on the WHOLE matter of any object situated inside these fields of gravity. When bigger (more matter) have the dragged object, bigger is the gravity action on it. And logically, when bigger is the gravity action – bigger will be the weight of the object. So, when steel have more matter than aluminum, then gravity makes more action on steel than on aluminum.” (Fernando Mancebo)
“It's all about mass not size. Aluminum is mass 13, Iron (what steel is made of) is mass 26 on the periodic table. More protons, more neutrons and double the electrons in the same density... Higher density steel versus lower density aluminum. There are 30 Neutrons in Iron and 14 in Aluminum. There are 26 electrons in Iron and 13 in Aluminum... About double the density.” (Eddie A. Maalouf)
However, the answers are correct but not sufficient. They would have been perfect if the question were “Why is iron heavier than aluminum?”
My question is not that simple.
“Fields of gravity ACTS on the whole matter…”. “Gravity makes more ACTION on steel than on aluminum”. But how Gravity “acts”? And how it performs the “actions”? Those are the necessary studies we have to pursuit to the end to reach the appropriate answer to the question “How does gravity read matter’s density and create weight?”
AN INEVITABLE PRESENCE
The answer is surprisingly simple, but reaching it requires a deep understanding of the Universe’s structure and operation.
When creating, or evaluating any theory, you should have the discipline and ethic of an architect, or better, of an engineer. The nature of their works demands the utmost compliance with many rigid laws in physics that we, as theorists, sometimes fail to respect.
The engineer, for example, when building an engine, has to use all the necessary components made of proper material, and arrange a solid connection from one component to another, creating a chain of actions while the engine is running. Missing link is not allowed. Sometimes, even a missing screw can cause disaster. To fix a failed engine, he will apply the same principle, logic and physical laws, to detect the defected part – or the absence of a good one – that causes the failure of the entire system.
With this principle in mind, let’s evaluate two engines that create gravity: the Einstein’s one (E-engine) and the trampoline.
A-Trampoline: When stepping on a trampoline, pressing and stretching its fabric, you immediately meet a resistant/opposite force that pushes you upward. Gravity occurs in the area sandwiched between the trampoline surface and the soles of your feet. This is gravitational-creating- system at work.
B- E-engine: According to Einstein: while moving, masses press on space - time producing gravity in the shape of a curvature. This engine is incomplete, only half built, and it doesn’t work. Unlike the trampoline’s fabric, space-time cannot generate any resistant/opposite force due to its non-physical existence state. Masses, objects moving in space, no matter how fast, if encountering no resistant force, would create no gravity. Einstein’s original machine misses a vital part. No engine can function in that condition. Fortunately, one scientist of his era quickly fixed it, replacing “space-time” with Dark Matter – “this Einstein’s theory of gravity proves the existence of Dark Matter”, he observed. Playing the role of the trampoline’s fabric in space, Dark Matter provides resistant/opposite force.
Therefore, at this point, to be more accurate, the question should be: How does Dark Matter judge and estimate an object in order to assign a corresponding weight to that object.
HOW DM READS MATTER’S DENSITY
At that point, we’re getting the right question, but still have a lot of researches to do before reaching a correct and complete answer.
We need to know about some unique characteristics of DM.
Based on its behavior, role, duty and contributions to the Universe’s existence and activities, DM should be the smallest, lightest and sturdiest element that consists of all kind of primordial particles floating in a liquid - like matter – or “super-liquid” as some scientists’ choice.
As I mentioned in the article “How Dark Matter Creates Objects’ Inertia”:
“After discovering that DM has filled up the Universe, providing pressure that creates Gravity, Inertia... I was confused for a while wondering how can all creatures and even stars, planets... survive the pressure of an infinite volume of DM. …Then one characteristic of DM popped up, came to the rescue, solving the problem: It’s the special size of each DM unit. It’s so small that it can go through everything. It “flies” through human body as well as the Earth, moon, stars... and any object in the Universe. Therefore everything is soaked up with DM, neutralizing its pressure, or in another word, balancing the pressure inside and outside, decreasing the gap…”
Due to its particular small size, DM moves quite freely through everything, filing spaces inside and around objects. That same characteristic would grant it – when participating in creating force for Gravity – the capacity to read or actually create weight.
Like our imaginary character Superman who can see through clothes, human body, DM sees through cardboard boxes, iron, wood, aluminum etc... the same way: They both possess X-Ray- like vision.
Therefore, every single DM unit contributes the so-called “force” to the Gravity’s with its own inertia and kinetic energy. It creates the resistant/opposite force against any moving object. So, everything on Earth – or up in the air but still affected by gravity – is sandwiched between the Earth itself and zillion of DM units. Some go through objects meeting no obstacle. Some are slightly slowed down, being partially or totally blocked.
The volume and density of DM allow it to deal with the most gigantic object in the Universe, yet its super small size provides a sophisticated measurement with the best precision ever. Picturing the sharpness of an image containing billions of pixels and still you’re not getting even close!
Now, let’s observe the activities of two group of DM unit: 1) DMgroupS that hits the Steel ball and 2) DMgroupA that hits the Aluminum ball.
When the Earth moves in space creating gravity, it actually rolls on and continuously presses on DM. But from our perspective, DM moves toward us with a pattern similar to rain drops falling from the sky.
1. DMgroupA: After hitting the aluminum ball, this group travels through it. Since aluminum is not a dense matter, only part of it would be blocked or have to slow down because of the friction that brakes its velocity.
2. DMgroupS: Since steel is a denser matter than aluminum, a lot more DM units of this group would be totally or partially blocked or changing speed.
When being blocked, totally or partially, DM immediately presses the object forward, meaning, in this situation, towards the ground. Being a denser matter, steel provides more blocking power, receiving stronger pushing force from the DM, having more weight. The number of DM units whose traveling speed on the trip through object has been altered would dictate the object’s weight.
(The rain drops, having no X-Ray- like vision, always blindly add the same amount of weight to both balls with the same size, and shape)
And do not forget the Newton’s laws of motion and the New (C) law of motion (When firmly connected, all moving objects share the same velocity, kinetic, inertia and become one new single object.) At this point, Earth’s pushing force – its inertia + kinetic – already kicked in, participating in creating object’s weight. That why objects weight less on the moon whose mass is smaller than the Earth’s.
X-Ray works the same way. It goes through flesh and is blocked by the bones, providing a negative version picture inside human body and object. Unlike DM that constantly executes Gravity’s power, X-Ray has no force involved. Both can see through objects, but DM has much better vision. It reads every empty space as well as any micro matter, and then uses its (mostly inertial force) to create weight for everything affected by gravity.
It provides the precise measurements reaching the unimaginable small amount of weight that reflects even the force of a few DM units’ movements. As of today, no mankind’s tool has the capability to go that far.
OBJECTS’ MOVING PARTICIPATES IN CREATING WEIGHT
Saying that DM moves toward objects, pushing them against the Earth, I just try to simplify the situation making the phenomenon to appear less complicated and easier to understand.
In reality, DM doesn’t move (relatively to the local space frame).
Objects, soaked with DM and under its pressure that applies equally on every tiny spot of the objects’ mass creating their inertial force, would be immobile, too, before contacting Earth.
Here’s the chain of events when gravitation occurs: The Earth’s move pushes against objects that, in turn, pushes against DM. Or, in short, Earth’s movement vs. masses’ inertial force.
So, actually, in general, Earth constantly moves towards DM and objects, not the other way around.
PHYSICS AND NOTHING BUT PHYSICS
In summary, the process of creating weight is simple: A moving Earth presses on objects that, in turn, press on Dark Matter, meeting DM’s resistance. That resistant force, applying individually on objects, creates the objects' weights.
An aluminum ball, for example, with its low mass’s density, allows a great number of DM’s units go through its body, encountering a WEAK resistant force, say, a two-pound pushing force.
A steel ball, with its mass’s higher density, has a stronger blocking power – many DM’s units are being partially or totally blocked, or have to slow down while going through the ball’s body – and will meet a much more forceful DM’s resistance, say, a ten-pound pushing back force.
The aluminum ball should weigh two pounds. The steel one’s weight is ten pounds.
An object’s weight is exactly the resistant force that DM – while creating its inertia – pushed back against it when it moves in space.
That’s why we need an equal or greater pulling force to lift it up.
SMALLEST BODY WITH HEAVIEST DUTY
Probably humanity will spend a lot more time before inventing a device that can enlarge a picture of a DM unit, so we can look at it with our naked eyes. But it doesn’t matter. In the interim, we still can have a good peek with our mind.
There are so many things in the Universe we cannot see with our eyes, but we know for sure they exist. We cannot see the X ray, but we can “see” its existence on the picture depicting the organs inside our body. We cannot see the radio waves that fill our space days and nights, but we can see the beautiful colors and the noise they make on the television screen and the radio speaker. We haven’t witnessed the “portrait” of the DM, but we “see” its presence in the gravity and the ability to create weight to all creations in the Universe. All things, be they as large as oceans, or as small as a speck of dust, all stick to the surface of the earth under the pressure of DM.
An unit of DM is so small that it can mostly move freely throughout the Universe, and through all matters, but its nature is so sturdy, and its numbers are so large that they can help the Universe move continuously, without being deflated, but on the contrary, constantly inflated.
The definitively small is controlling, maintaining and developing the definitively large!
Dark Matter is the most miraculous feat in the Universe.
(DL - 5/2015 – 9/2017))
How Dark Matter Creates Objects’ Inertia